GLUCOSAMINE HCL (D)
It assists in maintaining the elasticity and integrity of the connective tissue and assists in building, maintaining and repairing tissues. (It’s most common use is as a topical ointment or oral supplement to treat osteoarthritis. The same anti-inflammatory and elasticity properties that make it a great treatment for osteoarthritis may also contribute to its use in skin products and cosmetics. It’s also been known to help in the treatment of psoriasis.) [night formula]
LAMINARIA DIGITATA (SEA KELP)
Sea Kelp has a high content of silicon, vitamins and minerals. Silicon helps invigorate skin and tissue thereby improving the appearance of wrinkles. The vitamins and minerals nourish and soothe the skin. [night formula]
VITAMIN C ASCORBYL PALMITATE
A potent antioxidant that has been shown to be able to protect skin from oxidative damage. Can improve appearance of aged and fragile skin. Widely used as add-on ingredient in skin-lightening products to correct hyperpigmentation and age spots. [night formula]
Highly active Vitamin A that helps to nourish skin and aids in the skin’s natural renewal process. Can improve the appearance of aged and blemished skin. It is considered a skin rejuvenator: smooths the appearance of harsh wrinkles, modifies abnormal keratinization, clears follicles to prevent pimples and assists in collagen processes which help to smooth the skin’s surface and improve the appearance of firmness, elasticity. [night formula]
PULLULAN + NANNOCHLOROPSIS OCULATA
Pullulan provides an instant skin-tightening effect as it adheres to the skin. It is able to quickly form a sheer film that temporarily improves skin’s texture and appearance. Nannochloropsis is a microalgae that also functions as a skin tightener. These ingredients are formulated to tighten and provide long term effects by promoting properties that help to strengthen skin. [morning and night formula]
A plant derived lipid agent consisting of a natural amino acid that promotes long-lasting firming and moisturizing effects. It has been shown to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and provide volume, suppleness, and a firmer tone. Has been found, in studies, to stimulate the synthesis of collagen fibers and inhibit age-promoting elastase enzymes. Can maintain the integrity of the skin barrier. It also contains a hydroxyproline vehicle that moisturizes, strengthens, and rejuvenates the skin. [morning formula]
MEADOWFOAM SEED OIL
Excellent moisturizer due to its high water absorption ability (4 times that of lanolin). One of the most stable plant oils, gives a non-greasy feel. [morning and night formula]
SUNFLOWER SEED OIL
A pure natural oil derived from the seeds of sunflowers. It contains a high amount of oleic acids and is rich in vitamin E. An effective humectant, nutrient and emollient which nourishes and softens the skin. [night formula]
SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE EXTRACT
A skin-conditioning agent that has an ability to “act in oxidative stress and improve skin conditions,” according to a study published in Food and Chemical Toxicology in 2008 entitled “Evaluation of dermatological effects of cosmetic formulations containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae extract and vitamins.” It is commonly known as Baker’s Yeast. Note on Saccharomyces here. [night formula]
Derived from coconut and palm kernel oils, this lipid leaves a soft and non-greasy feel to the skin. It improves the spreading of creams and lotions. [morning and night formula]
An effective humectant, emollient and moisturizer that attracts water to the intercellular space of the skin, protects the lipids of skin cells, and is used in topicals as a solvent for various water insoluble ingredients. [morning and night formula]
LEUCONOSTOC/RADISH ROOT FERMENT FILTRATE
A non GMO preservative used as a natural alternative to the traditional preservatives. Read about it in our ‘A Word About’ section below. A link to some interesting info about it can be found on our resources page here. [morning and night formula]
A cleansing agent, texture enhancer, emollient and skin-conditioner that leaves a light silky feeling on the skin. Especially useful in cosmetics, particularly those for oily skin. The size of isohexadecane keeps it from penetrating too far into the skin, therefore it is a good ingredient to keep other ingredients, like certain antioxidants, on the skin’s surface.
Serves as a preservative and a broad spectrum anti-fungal agent. CHA, unlike many other more common preservatives, is very effective at neutral pH levels.
A broad-spectrum preservative with protection against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, yeast and mold. An effective alternative to parabens.
Any additional ingredients seen in our list of ingredients are considered ‘inactives’. These are ingredients necessary to maintain a certain consistency to the overall product and help to stabilize it but do not necessarily offer benefit to the skin directly. These will include gelling emulsifiers, anti-caking agents, viscosity increasing agents, surfactants and stabilizers for example. Glyceryl stearate, acetyl tributyl citrate, sodium gluconate, palmitic acid, acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer, PEGs, polysorbate 80, isomalt, and lecithin are examples of these types of agents.